Échec du coup d’État US en Macédoine

La Macédoine vient de placer hors d’état de nuire un groupe armé dont elle surveillait les commanditaires depuis au moins huit mois. Elle a prévenu ainsi une nouvelle tentative de coup d’État, planifiée par Washington pour le 17 mai. Il s’agissait d’élargir à la Macédoine le chaos déjà installé en Ukraine de manière à prévenir le passage d’un gazoduc russe vers l’Union européenne.

Le Premier ministre macédonien, Nikola Gruevski, annonce la fin de l’assaut contre les terroristes.

L’affaire de Kumanavo

La police macédonienne a lancé, le 9 mai 2015, à l’aube, une opération pour arrêter un groupe armé qui s’était infiltré dans le pays et qu’elle soupçonnait de préparer divers attentats.

La police avait évacué la population civile avant de donner l’assaut.

Les suspects ayant ouvert le feu, il s’ensuivit une dure bataille qui fit 14 morts du côté des terroristes et 8 du côté des forces de l’ordre. 30 personnes ont été faites prisonnières. On dénombre quantité de blessés.

Pas une action terroriste, mais une tentative de coup d’État

La police macédonienne était manifestement bien renseignée avant de lancer son opération. Selon le ministre de l’Intérieur, Ivo Kotevski, le groupe préparait une très importante opération pour le 17 mai (c’est-à-dire lors de la manifestation convoquée par l’opposition albanophone à Skopje).
Continue reading

Over 500 killed in two weeks of chaos in Yemen – UN

Two weeks of chaos in Yemen has killed at least 519 people, many civilians and children among them, the UN announced, as Houthi rebels continue their advance against exiled President Hadi’s loyalists who are supported by Saudi-led coalition airstrikes.

Another 1,700 people have been wounded over the past two weeks, UN Under-Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos, said in a statement Thursday. She voiced concern for civilians caught in the crossfire – especially after neighboring Saudi Arabia with allies launched an air-campaign last week in an effort to stop the advancement of Shiite Houthi rebels who deposed President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi.

“Those engaged in fighting must ensure that hospitals, schools, camps for refugees and those internally displaced and civilian infrastructure, especially in populated areas, are not targeted or used for military purposes,” Amos said in a statement.

At least 90 children have fallen victim to the conflict so far, according to Amos, while some youths are being recruited as child soldiers. Tens of thousands flee their homes and crossing to Djibouti and Somalia. To aid civilians, UN is working with the Yemen Red Crescent.

Over 40 people were reported dead in clashes and airstrikes in the port city of Aden on Thursday. Though the allied Air Force target mostly military facilities, weapon depots and infrastructure, the strikes befell on civilians too.

The coalition says its week-old air campaign is showing some success, as the operation “has excellently achieved planned goals at all levels – air, ground, and sea,” its spokesman said, according to AFP. Coalition jets engaged at the entrance of the Red Sea, the Bab el-Mandeb strait, striking a military base, officials told Reuters. Overnight air strikes were also reported on the coastal town of Shaqra.

However, amid the chaos, al-Qaeda militants stormed the center of the coastal city of Al-Mukalla and captured the local prison, setting free about 300 inmates, many of whom are militants. A provincial al-Qaeda leader Khaled Batarfi is also believed to have escaped.

he Yemeni airspace has been declared a “restricted zone” by the coalition, while ships in the region have been urged not to approach Yemen’s ports due to the ongoing military operation.

A Chinese vessel still evacuated 225 people from Aden on Thursday with armed personnel ensuring their security. Russia too was quick enough to evacuate dozens of its nationals on board two flights from Yemen. The US also evacuated its personnel from the country where for years it has engaged in drone war against al-Qaeda elements.

While battle on the ground continues, Washington is helping its main ally in the oil-rich region to defend its border with Yemen by providing drone surveillance, a US military official told AP. The US is also reportedly taking an active role in the air operations center in Riyadh to coordinate strikes by the coalition air force. According to the source, US authorized aerial refueling for Saudi warplanes in their bombing campaign against the Houthis on a condition that refueling takes place outside of Yemeni airspace.

The Houthis took power in the capital Sanaa early this year, forcing a democratically elected president Hadi, backed in 2012 by 99.8 percent of the voters as a sole candidate, to flee and set up a provisional capital in Aden. The rebels’ advancement on the port city further forced Hadi to retreat to Saudi Arabia and request an international intervention to reinstate his rule.

On Thursday, striking another heavy blow to president’s loyalists, Houthis seized the presidential palace in Aden. With some skirmishes already happening on the border, Houthis are threatening to attack Saudi Arabia, if the aerial bombardment of Yemeni territory continues.

Source: Russia Today

Syria: The Battle for Aleppo

By Toni Cartalucci

With Aleppo encircled, West seeks wildcard to save their terror hordes.

January 24, 2015 – The Syrian Arab Army is reportedly close to completely encircling militants that have occupied the northern city of Aleppo since they invaded it from NATO territory in 2012. Once the encirclement is complete, analysts believe the the city will be finally liberated, in a process similar to the retaking of Homs further south.

The desperation of militants facing this final phase in the Battle for Aleppo is indicated by their Western sponsors’ attempts to broker a ceasefire and arrange “aid” to reach them. Similar attempts were made in vain during the closing phases in the Battle for Homs in mid-2014 – with the city of Homs having been an epicenter of terrorist activity beginning in 2011, and now under the control of the Syrian government. Small pockets of militants have been isolated within Homs, allowing order to be restored across the majority of the city and the surrounding region.

As the Syrian government systematically regains control of a nation up-ended by Western-backed terrorists flooding the country accompanied by a seemingly inexhaustible torrent of cash, weapons, and equipment, the desperation of these Western interests has visibly increased.

The Guardian, chief among the many propagandists distorting the conflict since it began in 2011, is now attempting to form a narrative extorting global security by claiming only by NATO establishing a no-fly-zone over Aleppo and repelling Syrian government forces, can “moderate rebels” hold on to the city and repel lingering “Islamic State” (ISIS) forces.

In a report titled, “Syrian rebels prepare to defend ruined Aleppo as troops and militias close in,” the Guardian claims:
Since then the regime’s incremental gains have been hard fought, with most inroads being pushed back by rebel fighters and locals, both still reeling from their losses of manpower in the war with Isis. Meanwhile Isis has lurked 20 miles away, taunting the Islamic Front with a radio station it has set up that regularly plays Islamic chants insulting the group’s members.

“They were strategic [losses] for us,” said the Aleppo commander of the gains by Isis. “And [yet] the Americans doubt our commitment to fighting them? When [the US] came back to Syria, we thought the least they could do is to stop Assad’s air force from flying. But they have bombed the city more than at any time before the Americans arrived. Of course we believe they have a deal with the regime. It is obvious.”

Of course the reality is that the US has merely used ISIS as a pretext to violate Syrian airspace, with the next step being to establish long-planned no-fly-zones, if possible, to thwart the Syrian Arab Army. Just as in Libya, the no-fly-zone would simply hand the rest of Syria over to ISIS and other Al Qaeda affiliates – clearly the most dominate militant force engaged in fighting the Syrian government, and clearly the recipients of the vast majority of material support supplied by NATO and their regional partners, most notably Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Israel.

Government forces (in red) have nearly completed the encirclement of Aleppo.

It should be noted, that while the Guardian claims the remaining encircled militants in Aleppo are at odds with ISIS, the same report admits these same militants coordinate with US State Department listed foreign terrorist organization, Al Nusra. The Guardian would admit:

The fight for Zahraa, one of the few Shia enclaves in northern Syria, is being led by the al-Qaida-aligned Jabhat al-Nusra, with whom the Islamic Front have an understanding but no formal alliance. After barely holding ground for much of the past year, al-Nusra recently seized large chunks of territory near the Turkish border, reasserting itself as a power player at the expense of non-jihadist groups. The fast-changing dynamic is forcing a new reckoning with the Islamic Front, which says it has waited fruitlessly for help from Arab states that was promised but never delivered.

These same ISIS forces that are allegedly at odds with “moderate rebels” have seen thousands of so-called “moderates” defecting into their ranks recently bringing with them large sums of Western cash and weapons. That Al Qaeda – both Al Nusra and ISIS – seems to thrive along the Turkish border indicates that NATO support is not at all going to “moderate rebels,” but instead, intentionally to Al Qaeda, or to moderate groups NATO knows is working with, or soon to join Al Qaeda. Continue reading

Report: Over 20,000 Foreign-Backed Terrorists Fighting Damascus Government

TEHRAN (FNA)- The number of foreign-backed militants fighting against the Syrian government has exceeded 20,000, media reports said.

The terrorists are identified as coming from 50 different countries, including some 4,000 from the West European nations, WND news website reported.

The report said 1,200 of the fighters have come from France, and another 500-600 each from Britain and Germany. But Belgium produced the highest per capita participation, with 40 fighters per million population, it said.

Meantime, Kurdish fighters in the last 24 hours expelled ISIL terrorists from the Syrian border town of Kobani after more than four months of fighting, said a monitor.

Fighters from the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) had “expelled all Islamic State (of Iraq and the Levant) fighters from Kobani and have full control of the town”, said Rami Abdel Rahman, director of the so-called Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

The Kurds are pursuing some terrorists on the Eastern outskirts of Kobani, “but there is no more fighting inside now”, Rahman said.

Kobani, one of the largest cities in the Kurdish region bordering Turkey, was besieged by the ISIL terrorist group in September. Since then, Kurdish forces have been trying to drive the Takfiris out of the city.

In December 2014, Syrian Kurds leader Saleh Muslim Mohammad said that the main goal of Kurdish forces fighting against ISIL was full liberation of Kobani.

Meantime, the Syrian troops carried out precise and intensive operations against the armed groups near the Syria-Lebanon borders, killing too many militants.

The military offensive targeted the armed groups in the Wadi al-Kahf area near the Lebanese borders in the Eastern countryside of Syria’s central province of Homs.

It added that the army units inflicted hefty losses upon the rebels.

Elsewhere, the Syrian army killed 20 rebels on Sunday in the Northwestern province of Idlib. It was part of the army forces’ ongoing attacks on the militants’ positions in the countryside of Idilb, close to the Turkish borders.

Also, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said the Israeli military is obviously supporting terrorist groups in Syria by conducting airstrikes in the crisis-hit country.

“Whenever we make advances in some place, they (the Israelis) attack in order to undermine the army. It’s very clear,” Assad said in an interview with American magazine Foreign Affairs.

“That’s why some in Syria joke, ‘How can you say that Al-Qaeda doesn’t have an air force? They have the Israeli air force’,” he added.

His remarks came a week after an Israeli aircraft fired two missiles at the village of Quneitra in the Syrian Golan Heights bordering Lebanon.

Six members of the Lebanese resistance movement Hezbollah were killed in the attack.

The Tel Aviv regime has carried out several airstrikes in Syria since the start of the nearly four-year-old foreign-sponsored militancy there.

Damascus says Tel Aviv and its western allies are aiding the extremist terror groups operating inside Syria since March 2011.

Meantime, all groups of the Syrian opposition, except for the Istanbul-based Syrian National Coalition, participated in the inter-Syrian talks in Moscow, a well-informed diplomatic source said.

Source: Fars News

‘Operation Merlin': Another Self-Serving CIA Project against IRAN

TEHRAN (FNA)- The jury is still out in the trial of former CIA officer Jeffrey Sterling for allegedly having leaked the story of “Operation Merlin” – the covert CIA effort to lure Iran into working on phony plans for a key component of a nuclear weapon – to New York Times reporter James Risen.

But “Operation Merlin” itself was also on trial. The CIA was hoping that testimony by prosecution witnesses and a series of declassified CIA cables introduced as evidence would show that Risen’s account was wrong in recounting that the CIA’s human asset “Merlin” had immediately spotted a flaw in the plans to be turned over to Iran that Iranian engineers might be able to spot as well.

The cables reporting the incident and “Merlin’s” testimony both indicate that what “Merlin” saw was not a flaw in the schematics of the device, but a discrepancy between the schematics and the parts list accompanying it that would cause the Iranians to doubt the asset’s cover story.

But the evidence also reveals a larger story of a half-baked operation dreamed up by weapons specialists and managers who were ignorant of the most basic facts about the Iranians and their nuclear program. They created a cover story or “legend” for the Russian émigré scientist “asset” now known as “Merlin” that was so questionable that he never believed the Iranians would fall for it.

The exercise was pointless, moreover. The CIA did not claim that Iran had a nuclear weapons program when the planning of the operation began in 1996, and continued to offer no firm conclusion about Iran’s nuclear intentions through 1998.

Only in mid-1999, when the CIA needed to justify the operation to get White House approval for it, did it insert one reference to “Iran’s nuclear weapons research and development program” into its regular half-yearly intelligence assessment of Iran’s WMD policy for the first time.

The cables show that sometime in 1996, the CIA’s Counter-Proliferation Division (CPD) came up with the idea of getting experts at a national laboratory to design a key part in a nuclear explosive device called a “fireset” or “firing set”, among other terms, that was so seriously flawed that it could not be made to work. The device would then be dangled in front of Iran, in the belief that the Iranians would snap it up and expend huge amounts of time, money and manpower to try to get it work.

In September 1996, the CPD started looking for a Russian émigré nuclear weapons specialist “asset” who knew about “fireset” technology. As a result, CPD recruited a former senior Russian engineer identified in redacted CIA documents and testimony at the trial only as “Merlin”.

During 1997 and 1998, while the false set of plans for the “fire set” was being created by experts at one of the national laboratories, “Merlin” was busy writing e-mails and letters to organizations and individuals in Iran who might have some interest in the subject. He was signing his own name and identifying himself accurately as having worked at the Soviet Arzamas 16 nuclear weapons laboratory.

That remarkable feature of the operation reveals the hypocrisy of the prosecution argument, presented by former national security adviser and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, among others, that the exposure of the operation endangered the life of the asset.

At a meeting in San Francisco in November 1998, Merlin was introduced to the schematics of the “fireset” and the parts list to accompany it for the first time.

The secret hovering over the meeting was that Merlin’s case officers were “steering him away from any notion that the design is flawed,” as they were instructed to so, according to a 28 May, 1997 CIA cable. Thus the CPD was seeking to deceive both the “target” and the “asset”.

The deception began to fall apart immediately. Merlin testified on video last week, hidden from journalists in the courtroom by a high screen, that when he saw the schematics and the parts list for the fireset, he told the operation’s manager and two control officers that the most important parts were missing from the schematics. In one of the three interviews Merlin had with the FBI, he was more emphatic. “It’s fake. It will not work. Some parts are missing,” he recalled telling his CIA handlers, according to the FBI report read by defense counsel.

The “case officers” assured Merlin that the omission was “on purpose,” in keeping with the “incompleteness” of the fire set plans, according to the CIA cable reporting the meeting. Merlin was told to acknowledge the omission and to explain it as part of what the Iranians would get once they paid for the package.

What they did not tell Merlin, however, was that they had not realized that such a discrepancy had existed until he spotted it, and that they found out upon further inquiry that the original Russian émigré scientist who had worked on the falsified device did not even know how to make the missing parts.

Merlin was also disturbed to find that the parts list was in English – obviously an odd choice for a former senior Russian engineer whose collaborators were all supposed to be former Soviet engineers as well. “I told them I preferred to see the parts list in Russian,” he testified.

Merlin continued to express concerns about the credibility of his “legend” and his own personal security. He complained about the resume he had cooked up, which claimed scientific experience at Arzanas 16 that the Iranians could easily learn was untrue if they checked. Sterling dismissed the danger, making the wholly unconvincing argument that once the Iranians realized that he was offering a business deal involving nuclear weapons, they would feel no need for an extensive investigation,” according to a 4 February, 1999 cable.

But Merlin continued to fret about Iranian scrutiny. He began refusing to use his real name in letters and e-mails. In February 1999, he fretted that some of the emails he had gotten back from his many attempts to make contact with someone who might be connected with nuclear matters may have come from Iranian intelligence. Merlin informed his handlers that he had twice gotten error messages telling him that intrusions had been detected on his Hotmail account. He even raised the possibility that the Iranians could track him through his e-mails to his residence.

In January 2000, Merlin threatened to quit the project altogether, and walked out of a meeting in February to go over the details of the trip to Vienna he was to take shortly to deliver the plans to the Iranian mission to the International Atomic Energy Agency. When his handlers suggested that he was afraid of having to meet the Iranians, he did not disagree.

Merlin’s account of the operation after his trip to Vienna in early March makes it clear that he contrived to avoid any encounter with an Iranian official. He claimed he couldn’t find the Iranian mission to the International Atomic Energy Agency, although he had the address and directions. He said that when he finally found the office the following day he didn’t have the package with him, and that when he returned later that day and the following day, the office was closed. That was his explanation for simply dropping his package in the Iranian mission’s mail slot instead of handing it over to an Iranian official as planned.

CPD’s managers nevertheless declared the operation an initial success. In early May, CPD wrote in cable with the titled, “Iranians Take the Initial Bait” that the Iranian mission had couriered the package to Iran rather than tossing it in the trash, adding, “We are off to a good start.”

Meanwhile, CPD officials were already thinking of using Merlin as bait for at least one other country, according to a CIA cable on 5 April, 2000. They somehow managed to keep the operation running to 2003, according to testimony at the trial, despite the lack of any Iranian response.

The operation was bumbling and pointless, but the CPD believed that it was good for its business, expanding the range of its services and putting it on the front lines of central national security issues. “Operation Merlin” provides a dramatic illustration of how a bureaucracy serves its own institutional interests by pushing its pet program or operation in the name of national security.

By Gareth Porter

This article originally appeared in the Middle East Eye on January 23.
Source: Fars News

Syria in Last 24 Hours: Army Regains Control over Strategic Town in Damascus Countryside

TEHRAN (FNA)- The Syrian army continued its advances in the Southern parts of the country, and took back control of a strategic town in Damascus countryside.

The foreign-backed terrorists were pushed back from the town of Kafr Yabous in Damascus countryside and the army regained full control over the town.

Kafr Yabous is located in Al-Qalamoun region in Damascus countryside and it is only 11 kilometers from the borders with Lebanon.

The Al-Nusra Front terrorist group had control over the Kafr Yabous which is in the Southeastern parts of al-Zabadani town.

Tens of Al-Nusra terrorists were killed and dozens more were injured in fierce clashes with the Syrian troops.

Also in the past 24 hours, a large number of terrorists were killed in heavy fighting between the Syrian army and the Al-Nusra Front in Damascus province.

The army soldiers struck a heavy blow at the terrorists in the areas of al-Zabadani, Eastern Ghouta and Douma in Damascus countryside, killing and injuring scores of them.

Elsewhere, the Syrian Armed Forces, in a series of massive operations against militants’ strongholds on Sunday, gained more grounds in various battlefields in Homs province.

Syrian troops killed and injured so many anti-government fighters in Rajem al-Kaser, al-Sultaniyeh, Masa’dah and Um Sahrij in the Eastern countryside of the Central Homs province, a military source said.

Meantime, army’s attacks against Takfiri terrorists in the Western part of Ovania village, Western al-Samadaniyeh and Naba’a al-Sakher in al-Quneitra province, left scores of foreign-backed fighter killed and wounded.

Also, 20 terrorists affiliated to the so-called “Sham Hawks Group” were killed by the Syrian soldiers in Bazabou, Nahlia, Al-Treisi and Nahla in the Northwestern province of Idlib.

Also, the Syrian air force staged a massive targeted attack on a joint meeting of two major terrorist groups in Damascus countryside early on Sunday, killing and injuring a large number of the terrorist leaders.

The army airstrike targeted a gathering of Al-Nusra Front and Ahrar Al-Sham commanders in Mazaya district in the town of Zabadani in Damascus countryside.

A sum of 27 commanders of the Al-Nusra Front and Ahrar al-Sham were killed in the air raid.

The leader of the Al-Nusra Front, Abdulrahman Nassif, was also wounded during the airstrike.

Elsewhere, the Syrian army continued to make more gains in its fight against the Al-Nusra Terrorist Front in surrounding areas of Daraa province, killing at least 220 terrorists, a security source said.

The army soldiers stormed the hideouts of Al-Nusra Front in Ibta’ village and claimed the lives of more than 40 militants, a Syrian source said on condition of anonymity.

Also, some 30 terrorists were killed in heavy fighting between the Syrian army and the terrorist group in the town of Dael, located 14 km to North of Daraa city, the source added.

The security source further said the army also inflicted heavy losses on the terrorists in the areas of Qarfa, Namer, and al-Shaikh Miskeen and left over 150 al-Nusra terrorists dead.

Syria has been the scene of insurgency since 2011 when certain western powers and their regional allies voiced loudly that Syrian protests have no diplomatic solution and they started supplying the country’s opposition groups with their arms and funds.

In 2014, specially after victory of President Bashar al-Assad in the country’s presidential election, the army has gained upper hand in its anti-terrorism campaign, and has been partly successful in sealing borders with Turkey and Jordan.

Source: Fars News

Assad: Israel Obviously Supporting Terrorists in Syria

TEHRAN (FNA)- Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said the Israeli military is obviously supporting terrorist groups in Syria by conducting airstrikes in the crisis-hit country.

“Whenever we make advances in some place, they (the Israelis) attack in order to undermine the army. It’s very clear,” Assad said in an interview with American magazine Foreign Affairs which will be published on Monday, press tv reported. [Editor’s note: You can read the full interview by clicking HERE]

“That’s why some in Syria joke, ‘How can you say that Al-Qaeda doesn’t have an air force? They have the Israeli air force’,” he added.

His remarks came a week after an Israeli aircraft fired two missiles at the village of Quneitra in the Syrian Golan Heights bordering Lebanon.

Six members of the Lebanese resistance movement Hezbollah and a senior commander of Iran’s Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) were killed in the attack.

Iran’s Brigadier General Mohammad Ali Allahdadi had traveled to Syria to provide consultation and help the Syrian government and nation counter the Takfiri terrorists in the country.

The Tel Aviv regime has carried out several airstrikes in Syria since the start of the nearly four-year-old foreign-sponsored militancy there.

Damascus says Tel Aviv and its western allies are aiding the extremist terror groups operating inside Syria since March 2011.

Hezbollah has vowed its response to the attack will be extremely painful.

IRGC Chief Major General Mohammad Ali Ja’fari also warned Israel on Tuesday that the Zionist entity “should await annihilating thunderbolts”.

Source: Fars News

Syrie : les Nations Unies confirment l’existence d’une coordination entre Jabhat al-Nusra et l’occupant israélien

Depuis le début de la crise syrienne, le régime syrien a régulièrement accusé Israël de jouer un rôle en second plan, depuis la bataille de Qusair à proximité de Homs en mai 2013 jusqu’au développement des combats sur le front sud en septembre 2014. Des rapports des Nations Unies publiés en décembre semblent confirmer les affirmations du régime selon quoi Israël est impliqué avec les rebelles du sud.

La ville de Raqqa, “administrée” par l’organisation Jabhat al-Nusra au nord de la Syrie, est aujourd’hui un champ de ruines

Selon un rapport des Nations Unies pour la période de mars à mai 2014, la Force de désengagement et d’observation des Nations Unies (FNUOD) a constaté de visu des contact entre les rebelles syriens et l’armée israélienne à travers la ligne de cesser-le-feu sur le Golan, en particulier au cours de violents affrontements entre l’armée syrienne et les rebelles.

Le rapport a également confirmé que les forces des Nations Unies ont vu les rebelles transportant 89 blessés dans la ligne de cessez-le-feu dans la zone occupée par Israël, où leur ont été remis 19 personnes qui avaient reçu un traitement médical, en plus de deux morts. Les forces des nations Unies ont également noté que l’armée israélienne a remis deux caisses aux rebelles sur le côté syrien du plateau du Golan.

Les communications se sont multipliées entre les rebelles et l’armée israélienne avant l’explosion des combats sur le front sud à Daraa et Quneitra en septembre, selon Mohammad Qasim militant de l’opposition à Quneitra – utilisant un pseudonyme en raison de la sensibilité du sujet.

Qasim, qui était actif dans un réseau de soutien aux rebelles pendant l’offensive de septembre, a déclaré à Al-Monitor via Skype : « La bataille pour capturer Quneitra le 27 septembre a été précédée par la coordination et la communication entre Abu Darda, un chef de file de Jabhat al-Nusra, et l’armée israélienne pour ouvrir la voie à l’attaque. Et selon un commandant de l’opposition qui a participé à cette bataille, l’armée israélienne a fourni à Abu Darda des cartes de la zone frontalière avec indiqués les postes stratégiques de l’armée syrienne dans la zone sud ».

La bataille lancée par les rebelles et dirigée par la filiale d’Al-Qaïda Jabhat al-Nusra, pour contrôler le passage de Quneitra, a eu lieu en coordination avec l’armée israélienne par l’intermédiaire d’Abu Darda, selon Qasim. Il a ajouté : « Au cours des affrontements, les Israéliens ont lourdement bombardé plusieurs des postes avancés du régime, abattu un avion de guerre qui essayait d’empêcher la progression des rebelles et pris pour cible 5 autres avions. »

Les médias ont rapporté que le 23 septembre, Israël a abattu un avion militaire MiG-21 de l’aviation syrienne sur le plateau occupé du Golan pendant l’intensification des combats entre les rebelles dirigés par Jabhat al-Nusra et l’armée syrienne.

Avant cette bataille, Israël a fourni aux combattants rebelles des dispositifs de communication et du matériel médical, selon Qasim. Il a également déclaré que les dispositifs ont amélioré la communication entre les combattants rebelles, tandis que l’assistance médicale a permis d’équiper quatre nouveaux hôpitaux de fortune dans le sud et au sud-ouest de la Syrie.

Qasim a ajouté qu’Israël avait autorisé la mise en place d’un petit camp de réfugiés syriens à la frontière dans le Golan occupé, en disant : « Le camp abrite des dizaines de familles syriennes – comme cela a été confirmé par les rapports des Nations Unies – et Israël fourni l’assistance humanitaire nécessaire. Les combattants rebelles vont souvent dans la zone israélienne – certains traversant la frontière plus de trois fois par jour – pour se rendre à [ce camp] ».

À propos du transfert des blessés vers les hauteurs du Golan occupé, Qasim a expliqué que « n’importe quel combattant ou civil avec des blessures graves qui ne peut pas être traité dans nos hôpitaux sur le terrain, est immédiatement transféré à la partie israélienne du Golan occupé, et là, il sera être transféré dans une ambulance civile accompagnée par une patrouille de l’armée israélienne jusqu’à l’hôpital pour y être soigné. Plus tard, l’armée israélienne sera contactée par les rebelles pour avoir des nouvelles des blessés ».

L’armée syrienne dans la région a également pris note de l’assistance d’Israël aux rebelles. Les forces du général Rami al-Hasan sont stationnées à l’entrée de la ville de Madinat al-Baath dans le gouvernorat de Quneitra. Des véhicules blindés, des chars et des dizaines de postes de contrôle sont dispersés autour de la ville, qui se trouve à proximité de zones contrôlées par les rebelles.

Selon al-Hasan, « les premiers résultats de la coopération entre l’armée israélienne et les rebelles armés ont eu lieu à Quneitra, quand ils ont pris le contrôle de la frontière. À l’époque, Israël appuyait les hommes armés en leur offrant une couverture sous le prétexte de ’riposter’, entravant toute tentative par l’armée de l’air syrienne d’intervenir et de faire tomber l’un de nos avions. Il a également fourni aux rebelles l’équipement militaire nécessaire pour faire face aux fortifications de l’armée syrienne. »

Al-Hasan a ajouté : « Israël veut exercer un contrôle sur l’ensemble du Golan, et il a contribué de manière significative aux pressions sur les observateurs des nations Unies pour les pousser à se retirer de la plupart de leurs positions. »

Le 4 octobre, les combattants rebelles et Jabhat al-Nusra ont capturé Tal al-Hara au nord-ouest de Daraa, limitrophe de Quneitra. Cette importante victoire n’aurait pas pu se produire sans le soutien israélien, selon le militant de l’opposition Ghazwan al-Hourani – également un pseudonyme – qui a été le témoin de la communication entre Jabhat al-Nusra et Israël.

« Le soutien israélien à la bataille de Tal al-Hara était à un niveau élevé, et l’armée israélienne était le cerveau de cette bataille en termes de plans, tactiques et de suivi. Les dispositifs de communication fournissaient des instructions précises en arabe sur ce qui devrait être fait par les combattants, moment par moment », a déclaré al-Hasan à Al-Monitor.

Des dizaines d’appareils de surveillance, de diffusion et de brouillage ainsi que des équipements radar sophistiqués ont été récupérés dans le centre de communication de l’armée syrienne à Tal al-Hara, selon Hourani, qui a ajouté que les documents, les cartes et les appareils portables trouvés dans le centre ont été placés dans des camions et emmenés vers une destination inconnue par les combattants de Jabhat al-Nusra.

La station de reconnaissance aérienne à Tal al-Hara, le dernier centre de reconnaissance du gouvernement opérant dans le sud de la Syrie, a été bombardée par l’aviation israélienne le 5 septembre, un mois avant que les rebelles ne l’a capturent le 7 octobre. Cela ne peut pas être considéré comme une coïncidence, selon al-Hasan.

« Ce qui a poussé Israël à attaquer Tal al-Hara et à ordonner plus tard aux rebelles d’attaquer, c’est que cette station de radar a été mise à jour en 2012 et 2013 et de nouveau au début de 2014, avec une nouvelle technologie pour élargir le champ de détection de la station jusqu’au sud de la Palestine occupée, au nord de l’Arabie saoudite et de Chypre dans la mer Méditerranée. Le ministère syrien de la Défense avait pour cela travaillé en coopération avec son homologue russe. Israël veut empêcher l’armée syrienne de suivre ses mouvements dans le Golan occupé, et interdire toute tentative d’intercepter ses avions », a-t-il dit.

Le général syrien a déclaré qu’Israël ne fait pas que soutenir les rebelles avec des armes et de la logistique et soigner leurs blessés, mais qu’ils leur assure une formation dans le Golan occupé. « Nous avons déposé une plainte à ce sujet [le camp de formation militaire] à la direction de la UNDOF, et nous avons menacé de le bombarder. Mais les observateurs ne nous ont pas répondu et le camp est toujours là ».

Qasim et Hourani hésitaient à discuter de ce sujet sensible avec Al-Monitor. Leurs interruptions dans la conversation, leurs voix tremblantes et les pauses soudaines chaque fois que quelqu’un s’approchait, mettaient en évidence le danger auquel ils font face s’ils sont trouvés en train de révéler ces détails. Ils sont dans le même bateau que de nombreux militants de l’opposition, qui agissent avec les groupes rebelles mais considèrent toute coopération avec Israël comme une trahison des objectifs de la révolution.

« Cette coordination est une trahison. Il y a des milliers de gens qui sont morts, et ils ne sont pas morts pour que quelques dizaines de personnes aillent conspirer avec l’ennemi », a déclaré Qasim, ajoutant : « Nous avons commencé la révolution et nous finirons sans l’aide de personne, surtout pas de ceux qui ont tué et continuent de tuer, qui déplacent et continuer à déplacer des milliers de personnes sur une base quotidienne en Palestine tout en occupant une partie de notre pays. »

14 janvier 2015 – Al-Monitor – Vous pouvez consulter cet article à :
Traduction : Info-Palestine.eu

C’est arrivé en douce, sans fanfares ni clairons : l’UE vient d’autoriser les OGM avec 480 voix pour et 159 contre.

L’Europe a mis fin à des années de blocage sur le dossier OGM. Mardi 13 janvier, les eurodéputés ont adopté à une large majorité (480 voix contre 159), en deuxième lecture, un amendement à une directive datant de 2001 qui permettait à un pays de l’Union de s’opposer aux cultures d’organismes génétiquement modifiés sur son territoire, même si une autorisation a été délivrée au niveau de Bruxelles. Dans le même temps, cette législation, qui entrera en vigueur au printemps, devrait faciliter la culture de semences transgéniques sur un Vieux Continent hostile aux biotechnologies.

Jusqu’à présent, la Commission autorisait les OGM après avis de l’Autorité européenne de sécurité des aliments (EFSA), mais se retrouvait systématiquement confrontée à l’hostilité des États anti-OGM lors des conseils européens et ne parvenait pas à obtenir de majorité qualifiée lors des votes. De leur côté, les États « anti-OGM » (ils sont 19, dont la France, à s’opposer à ces cultures) ne pouvaient interdire les cultures transgéniques qu’en prenant sur leur territoire des clauses de sauvegarde ou des mesures d’urgence pour des motifs environnementaux et sanitaires. Une procédure très fragile juridiquement.

Désormais, les capitales pourront évoquer également des motifs de politique agricole, d’aménagement du territoire ou des conséquences socio-économiques. Dans le détail, les États qui souhaitent bannir les OGM devront négocier avec les semenciers, sous la houlette de la Commission, pour leur demander d’être retirés du périmètre de culture proposé par les entreprises. Si la firme refuse, l’État-membre pourra néanmoins interdire de manière unilatérale l’OGM. Ce qui devrait, en toute logique, empêcher les firmes de biotechnologie (Monsanto, etc.) de contester leurs décisions devant la Cour de justice de l’Union Européenne.

Suite de l’article

Source: Quenel +