L’Union européenne renonce à la traçabilité alimentaire…pour ne pas fâcher les États-Unis

L’atlantisme de l’Union européenne n’est plus à démontrer tant la classe politique est plus zélée à protéger les intérêts de Washington que ceux des citoyens européens dont ils sont (même s’ils ne s’en souviennent plus) les représentants.

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Theatrum-Belli

Voilà une situation (avec l’espionnage de masse de la NSA, et sa position vis-à-vis de l’Ukraine) qui en dit long sur la mise en place d’un accord de libre échange entre les USA et l’Union européenne où l’avis des peuples d’Europe, qui pourrait se faire via un réferendum, est complètement évacué.

La Commission européenne a proposé mercredi d’interdire le clonage animal à but alimentaire dans l’Union européenne. Mais elle a renoncé à bannir la vente de viande ou de lait des descendants des animaux clonés pour ne pas indisposer ses partenaires commerciaux, notamment américains.

« Cela ne veut pas dire que nous n’en avons pas parlé pendant la réunion » de la Commission. « Nous avons discuté de toutes les possibilités, y compris de l’étiquetage de la viande de bovins descendants d’animaux clones, et jugé qu’il fallait procéder à une analyse approfondie », a annoncé le commissaire européen chargé de la Santé, Tonio Borg, au cours d’une conférence de presse.

Au sein de l’Union européenne, le clonage animal à but alimentaire ne se pratique qu’au Danemark. La viande de clones ne se mange pas en raison du prix très élevé de ces spécimens. Mais leurs embryons et semences sont commercialisés et exportés, et leurs descendants sont élevés en particulier aux Etats-Unis, en Argentine, au Brésil et en Uruguay.

L’UE importe chaque année entre 300 000 et 500 000 tonnes de viande bovine des États-Unis et d’Argentine, pays qui ont autorisé le clonage à des fins commerciales, mais n’ont aucun système de traçabilité.

La Commission, le Parlement européen et les gouvernements avaient échoué une première fois, en 2011, à s’entendre sur un encadrement, après trois ans de négociations infructueuses. Les Etats jugeaient exagérées les exigences de traçabilité des eurodéputés.

Le Parlement demandait une traçabilité très poussée pour informer les consommateurs de toute trace de viande issue de bête clonée, en remontant à plusieurs générations.

Cela aurait imposé aux États-Unis et à l’Argentine de mener des contrôles qu’ils ne veulent pas réaliser. L’Union européenne aurait été obligée de bloquer les importations, au risque d’une nouvelle guerre commerciale similaire à celle provoquée jadis par l’interdiction du boeuf aux hormones américain.

ARGENTINA: JUDGE ORDERS ARREST OF EX-US TREASURY CHIEF

INTERPOL: Judge Orders Extradition And Arrest Of Former U.S. Treasury Undersecretary David Mulford

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Argentina hasn’t forgotten Mulford’s role in the 2001 crisis.

Debt-swap fraud is not forgiven in 3, 2, 1…

BUENOS AIRES, Sept 4 (Reuters) – A judge in Argentina has ordered the arrest of Credit Suisse executive and former U.S. Treasury Undersecretary David Mulford because he failed to testify over a 2001 Argentine debt swap, the state news agency reported on Monday.

Federal Judge Marcelo Martinez de Giorgi will ask Interpol to issue an international arrest warrant seeking Mulford’s extradition for questioning over the bond exchange carried out by the government in an unsuccessful bid to avoid default.

Mulford, who currently serves as vice chairman international of Credit Suisse Investment Bank, was seen as one of the debt swap’s architects when he served as a senior official at Credit Suisse First Boston (CSFB).

Argentina’s government swapped about $30 billion in debt for new, longer-maturity issues in June 2001. But it stopped paying most of its debts six months later as the economy collapsed.

A local court has been investigating the swap for more than 10 years to see if Argentine officials committed any crime when they hired banks to carry out the swap. Former Economy Minister Domingo Cavallo and former Finance Secretary Daniel Marx have been charged in the case, which has yet to go to trial.

Mulford was first called to testify in the probe in 2002 but he has never done so, according to court documents cited by the Telam news agency.

Argentine officials have “made numerous attempts by all possible legal means to achieve David Mulford’s compliance, in this country’s territory as well as through U.S. authorities, and all of these have invariably failed,” the documents stated.

Cavallo said that Mulford was one of the main engineers of the swap.

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Presidente Chávez anuncia firma de convenio energético con estatal argentina YPF

Brasilia, 31 Jul. AVN.- Tras su llegada a la capital de Brasil para participar en la cumbre de Mercosur, el mandatario venezolano, Hugo Chávez Frías, informó este lunes que Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) establecerá un convenio energético con la estatal argentina YPF.

“Mañana firmaremos un convenio entre PDVSA e YPF”, dijo Chávez, en declaraciones a la prensa en Brasilia, acompañado por el ministro de Petróleo y Minería, Rafael Ramírez; el canciller Nicolás Maduro, así como de los titulares de las carteras de Comercio e Industrias, Edmée Betancourt y Ricardo Menéndez, respectivamente.

Chávez estimó que con el establecimiento de alianzas con las estatales petroleras de Brasil y Argentina permitirá que se vaya “diseñando Petrosur, así como una vez nació Telesur, Unasur o el Banco del Sur”.

El Jefe de Estado reiteró que con la entrada de Caracas al bloque regional “se está completando la ecuación dentro del Mercosur”, debido al inmenso potencial energético venezolano y la fachada al Caribe que ofrece su ubicación geográfica. Continue reading

‘Politics darkens the 2012 London Olympics’

By Adrian Salbuchi for RT

Politics has crawled into the London Olympic Games. Some countries are taking the occasion to question British foreign policy; others reject possible hidden agendas. The result: the Olympic Spirit may not shine so bright this summer in London.

Last week, for instance, yet another diplomatic row broke out between Argentina and the United Kingdom over a TV advertisement commissioned by Argentina’s Government, showing Argentine Olympic Hockey Team captain Fernando Zylberberg working-out and running through the streets and fields of Port Stanley/Puerto Argentino in the Falkland/Malvinas Islands.

The ad’s slogan is strong: “To compete on English soil; we are first training on Argentine soil,” the insinuation being that the Malvinas Islands are Argentinean territory.

The ad ends with a message from the Argentine President’s Office paying tribute to “our heroic dead and veterans of the Malvinas War” between Argentina and the UK.

Immediately, the advertising agency which prepared the spot – New York-based Young & Rubicam – issued a statement saying, “It has come to our attention that our agency in Argentina created an ad for the Argentine government that has deeply offended many people in the UK and around the world. We strongly condemn this work and have asked the Argentine government to pull the spot.”

Hopefully, Argentina’s government will not pull the spot, particularly after recent heated diplomatic exchanges over the Falkland/Malvinas which pitted both countries in a brief 74-day war in 1982.

British Foreign Secretary William Hague accused Argentina of using the upcoming Olympic Games for political aim, pointing to President Cristina Kirchner’s diplomatic failure in claiming sovereignty over the islands. In turn, Sebastian Coe, president of the 2012 Olympic Games Committee, criticized the ad saying the Games “are not a political affair” but rather a gathering “to celebrate sports.”

They’re probably both right: the Argentine government’s unrealistic and lukewarm strategies over the Falklands are poor at best.

As the undersigned wrote to the London Telegraph on May, to balance things out maybe Young & Rubicam should issue a further statement saying something like, “It has come to our attention that the UK continues to illegally occupy the Falkland/Malvinas Islands, something that has deeply offended many people in Argentina and around the world. We strongly condemn this occupation which should cease, and will ask the British government to pull out of the Falklands/Malvinas.”

The ad was secretly filmed on the Falkland/Malvinas on March 18, when Zylberberg posed as just another runner in a marathon held that day on the Islands.

But this is not the only case where the Olympic Games, due to start July 27, have attracted political turmoil.

On May 1, Iran’s global news service PressTV complained that “the London Olympic Games have turned into a political game even before the start of the events, with…(its) official website removing the countries’ capitals from their profiles on the orders of Israel… The official website had described Israel as a country without a capital…(because) the space for Israel’s capital… had been… left empty as Jerusalem (Al-Quds) was listed as Palestine’s capital.”

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Argentine Congress approves bill to nationalize YPF

The Argentine congress approves takeover of YPF

Argentina’s Congress has overwhelmingly approved a takeover of the country’s largest energy company, YPF, from its Spanish controlling shareholder.

The Argentine lawmakers gave their final approval to the nationalization bill on Thursday, giving President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner the green light to expropriate a 51 per cent stake from Spain’s Repsol, Reuters reported.

The Chamber of Deputies voted 207-32 in favor of the bill, which enjoys nationwide popularity. The nationalizing bill, which was also cleared in the Argentina’s senate last week, heads to the President’s office to be signed into law.

The vote reflects a political victory for Kirchner, who could reach the two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress in order to pass the bill. Meanwhile, people in Buenos Aires staged a massive protest on weekend to support the President’s move.  Continue reading

US condemns Argentine expropriation of YPF Oil Company

The US has joined Spain and Britain in condemning Argentina’s expropriation of the Spanish-owned oil and gas company, YPF, Press TV reports.

The US State Department spokesman Mark Toner condemned Argentina’s nationalization of the oil company, saying his country views the act with negativity.

Toner also warned that the move would ultimately hurt Argentina’s economy.

However, the Argentine government has responded firmly to the criticism, arguing that the decision was taken based on the country’s national interests.

“The project aims at certain states’ rules to lead a strategic company. We do not govern on behalf of the US and the Spanish people,” Argentine Interior Minister Florencio Randazzo said.

Argentine President Cristina Fernandez has slammed the company for failing to re-invest in local oil and gas production, which forced Buenos Aires to pay more than USD 9 billion to import fuel last year.

On Monday, Fernandez announced the decision to reclaim YPF, which was formerly a state-owned Argentine oil company, at a meeting with her cabinet and provincial governors. She said that Argentina had to take back the oil company since it is the only nation in Latin America “that does not manage its natural resources.”

The move to declare YPF Gas a public utility by taking 51 percent of its shares is an extension of the takeover of YPF Oil Company, the major subsidiary of Repsol.

Repsol President Antonio Brufau said on Tuesday that the company would take legal action against Argentina, seeking compensation of about $10 billion.

Meanwhile, the Spanish government has also criticized the move by claiming that Argentina is taking a risk of becoming “an international pariah” if it takes control of the YPF, in which Repsol has a 57.4 percent stake.

Spain is Argentina’s largest foreign investor. Last year YPF, the main oil company in Argentina, announced a major find of 1 billion barrels of shale oil.

Los desafíos de la nueva YPF

Escrito por Claudio Klatz

Los voceros locales de REPSOL afirman que la expropiación ahuyentará las inversiones. Pero el desarrollo petrolero de Argentina nunca provino de los capitales foráneos

La intervención de YPF y la introducción de una gestión estatal de la empresa son medidas necesarias para comenzar a revertir la depredación energética. Pero constituyen tan solo un punto de partida para recuperar los recursos petroleros. Durante una década REPSOL lideró el vaciamiento de pozos, reservas e instalaciones pre-existentes. Extrajo lo máximo posible sin invertir y expatrió ganancias en forma escandalosa. Esta conducta no irritó a ninguno de los críticos neoliberales de la expropiación en curso. Ahora cuestionan la “violación orden jurídico”, olvidando el total incumplimiento de los contratos por parte de la firma. Esta doble vara es congruente con su habitual aprobación de los atropellos contra los derechos de los asalariados o jubilados. Nunca extienden a estos sectores los principios de la seguridad jurídica.

FALACIAS NEOLIBERALES

Los derechistas están recreando los fantasmas del 2001-2005 y repiten los mismos argumentos que difundieron luego del default. Advierten contra las terribles consecuencias de “aislarse del mundo”, omitiendo su récord de pronósticos fallidos. Algunos exculpan a REPSOL afirmando que sufrió un castigo de precios desfavorables. Pero silencian los sucesivos ajustes de los últimos años, la autorización para liquidar divisas en el exterior y el permiso para exportar a costa del auto-abastecimiento. Las objetadas retenciones móviles a las ventas externas fueron una tenue compensación del terrible drenaje que sufrió el país. Tampoco recuerdan que la falta de inversiones se remonta a los años 90, cuando el combustible era muy caro en dólares. Continue reading

YPF recuperada: los “españolazos” están nerviosos

Por Carlos Aznares

Son de lo que no hay estos españolazos. No sólo roban y matan, sino que todavía protestan cuando sus víctimas se resisten

Los habitantes de las Islas Canarias, enclave africano conquistado por la Corona de Castilla a fines del siglo XV y principios del XVI, después de una encarnizada resistencia de sus habitantes originarios guanches (a los que los invasores asesinaron por montones), identifican aún hoy a los invasores con el nombre de “godos”.

Los mexicanos, que sufrieron el genocidio impulsado por Hernán Cortez en el Siglo XVI, cuando sus esbirros hicieron rendir a sangre y espada, el bastión de Tenochtitlán, los recuerdan con el despectivo apodo de “gachupines”.

Los indígenas peruanos que resistieron la invasión española y que eran liderados por Manko Inka, los denominaron “chapetones”, y recuerdan -en la memoria de cada una de sus etnias- los días de dolor y sufrimiento que les implicó semejante impostura colonial.

Los independentistas vascos, que han lidiado durante siglos con los hijos de Castilla, soportando invasiones, guerras sangrientas, y más cercano en el tiempo, cárcel, torturas, desapariciones y asesinatos, se refieren a ellos como “españolazos”. Maldicen su voracidad conquistadora, que siempre vino acompañada de un comportamiento bestial, y jamás han dejado de resistir a quienes así se comportan. Homenajean así aquellas jornadas en que sus antepasados defendieron heroicamente el Castillo de Amaiur, en Navarra, hasta su caída en manos de los sicarios de Fernando El Católico, pero también denuncian en estos días del mes de abril de 2012, el talante guerrerista de los súbditos del Borbón Juan Carlos, ese mismo que asesinó a su hermano menor Alfonso,para quedarse con la corona y que ahora caza elefantes en peligro de extinción en Bostwana, y se parte la cadera por exceso de consumo etílico. El rey y sus vasallos Rajoy y Rubalcaba, más algunos pajes menores, son los que siguen cerrando las posibilidades de una paz justa en Euskal Herria, afirman estos tozudos y nobles vascos.

Godos, gachupines, chapetones y españolazos nos son más que formas autóctonas para denominar una forma de ser de quienes a lo largo de los siglos han gobernado esa entelequia autodefinida como “España”, que en realidad no es otra cosa que el producto de territorios conquistados por los castellanos, sembrando muerte entre sus habitantes originarios. De la misma manera que hicieron aquellos que, llegados en barcos y carabelas, asolaron Indoamérica dejando un saldo de 90 millones de asesinados. Continue reading

Argentina Oil Reclamation: An International Debate

A woman holds an Argentine national flag in front of the presidential palace after Argentine President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner announced that oil company YPF, controlled by Spain's Repsol, is subject to expropriation and that a bill being introduced would give the state a 51 percent share, in Buenos Aires on April 16, 2012. (AFP Photo / Daniel Garcia)

Is it theft on a grand scale or simply the legitimate re-nationalization of a country’s resources for the benefit of the people?

Argentina’s decision to take control of the country’s largest oil company YPF has created a schism in the international community—with winners and losers falling into place along the divide.

YPF, Argentina’s largest oil company, was privatized in 1993 and purchased at the time by Spain’s Repsol which up until this latest move owned 57% of the company.  Claiming Repsol had not lived up to an agreement to invest in the infrastructure of the country, Argentina’s President Christina Fernandez announced her intentions of reclaiming the energy company.

The new ownership structure would give the federal government 51% control of YPF, with the remaining 49% of the company divided amongst the energy producing governments of the country.  Repsol’s controlling interest in the company under this formula would be reduced to a paltry 6%.

Repsol is angered by the move calling it an “illegitimate and unjustifiable act.”  In recent weeks talks about the possibility of nationalization have been driving stocks for YPF down, but still a conservative estimate of the value of the company is more than $13 billion. As compensation for the nationalization of their privately held subsidiary, Repsol has asked for a sum of around $10.5 billion, but it is unlikely that the company will receive that amount if anything at all.

Repsol may even be fined by the Argentinean government for environmental damage to the country’s interior—meaning Respol might have to pay Argentina for the government takeover. The company has also maintained that the move by President Fernandez is primarily a political one, to try and gain public support amidst a continuing energy crisis in Argentina.

Also, under the guidance of Repsol, YPF recently discovered vast amounts of shale rock oil reserves in the Vaca Muerta basin.  This important find puts Argentina on the map as the holder of the world’s third largest shale gas reserves behind China and the United States.  Repsol believes the current nationalization movement is nothing more than an obvious grasp for control of this major discovery.  Having been set up through privatization in the 1990’s, then allowed to develop the company for 20 years; the first “loser” in this complicated and controversial process would have to be Repsol. Continue reading

Le vent de l’Histoire tourne : L’Argentine prouve qu’il y a une vie après la “mondialisation inévitable” et que l’avenir n’est pas dans la destruction des États

Le gouvernement argentin vient de décider, ce 16 avril 2012, d’exproprier le groupe espagnol Repsol de sa participation dans la compagnie pétrolière argentine YPF, qui est donc renationalisée.

Cette nouvelle décision fait grimper aux rideaux le gouvernement de Madrid qui y dénonce une attaque contre les « intérêts espagnols ». Mais elle s’inscrit en réalité dans une politique de longue haleine, mise en œuvre depuis dix ans par le président de la République Nestor Kirchner puis par sa femme qui lui a succédé à ce poste.

Cette politique « néo-péroniste » est approuvée par une très grande majorité du peuple argentin : elle consiste à rendre à la République argentine sa souveraineté et son indépendance nationales, et sa capacité à assurer la justice sociale entre ses habitants. Ses succès sont remarquables.

RAPPEL DE L’HISTOIRE RÉCENTE DE L’ARGENTINE

Tout au long des années 90, l’Argentine avait appliqué, sous la présidence de Carlos Menem et à la demande du FMI, une politique ultra-libérale de privatisation à outrance de toute son économie.

Cette politique fut assez comparable à celle dont sont actuellement affligés la France et les pays de l’Union européenne, sous les exigences du même FMI et de la Commission européenne. Dans l’Argentine des années 1990, comme dans la France des années 2000-2010, les médias et les politiciens ne cessaient d’expliquer au peuple argentin qu’il était nul, et que son salut collectif ne viendrait que des « réformes indispensables » consistant à vendre à des groupes privés étrangers tout ce qui appartenait au peuple argentin.

Cette ultra-libéralisation de l’économie argentine a certes provoqué l’enrichissement d’une partie de la population pendant quelques années, et surtout une débauche de consommation.

Mais elle a aussi et surtout entraîné une autre partie de la population dans la pauvreté (environ 20% de chômeurs officiels vers 1998) , avant de provoquer une hyper-inflation et une crise économique et financière de très grande ampleur à la fin des années 1990 et au début des années 2000. Continue reading